Hogwarts Charms Class: Information To ‘Harry Potter’ Spells

Welcome to your introduction to the Harry Potter Charms class of young wizards and witches! Muggles are also allowed to study here! Based on information from the universe of Harry Potter and Wizarding World, you will learn the basics of the different types of spells and how to use them.

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Within the Harry Potter universe, spells are divided into seven categories charm, curse, transfiguration, Healing magic, hex, hex and Counterspell.

Healing magic

Healing spells have their own area within the spells because they have a unique ability to magically improve the physical condition of the living subject. Healing spells have categories like spell, vanishing, and incantation.

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A healing spell should not be confused with a mending spell, which is used to repair inanimate objects. Using a repair spell on a human can cause serious scars.


This type of spell focuses on changing the shape or appearance of an object by changing the object’s molecular structure. Transfiguration is considered to be a very tough time that requires some scientific knowledge.

In casting a Transfiguration Spell, the wizard must keep the following in mind, as described in the theoretical math formula for students during their freshman year at Hogwarts:

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  • the intended transformation
  • Body weight of the object
  • malignancy
  • Wand power
  • concentration
  • a fifth unknown variable

It is easier for a wizard to configure a small object than a large one. This also applies to the most experienced transfiguration experts such as Professor McGonagall.

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Transfiguration may be fun and a promising field of study, but there are five restrictions on Transfiguration spells. However, there is only one that is specifically mentioned in one of the Harry Potter books, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: You cannot conjure up food. But already strenuous food can be called from one place to another. This happens during the Hogwarts banquet when the food magically appears at the tables.

The Transfiguration is divided into four categories:

  • Transformation – any transfiguration that has deformed or changed the target in some way, with subtypes of transformation such as human transfiguration (Animagus, Metamorphmagus and Werewolves) and switching (Trans-Species Transformation and Spec-Cross Switches).

When transforming, it’s also important to note that wizards can transform into animals in two different ways: Human Transfiguration and Animagus.

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Human transfiguration is when you turn a human body part or whole into an animal. This can be used anywhere from changing hair color to transforming yourself or others into an animal. An example of this is when Hagrid tries to turn Dudley Dursley into a pig but only gives him a pig’s tail in the first Harry Potter book. Viktor Krum turns his head into a shark’s head during the second task of the Triwizard tournament in order to save Hermione.

See also: VIDEO: Dog excellently trained to only respond to Harry Potter spells

An important difference between transforming a human into an animal and animagus is that in transforming a human into an animal, the person who has been transformed into an animal has the intelligence of the creature they become. That is, they have the intelligence of the animal that they transform into. So the person who was transfigured would depend on someone else to bring them back into their human form.

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On the other hand, Animagus is very different. An animagus is a wizard or witch who can transform into an animal and back again at will. A wizard can learn to transform into an animagus. However, a wizard does not choose his Animagus animal shape, but rather transforms into the animal that best suits him.

There is also an Animagus registry in the wizarding world to keep track of the wizards who can transform into animals in this way. Two very notorious examples of Animagus in the Harry Potter films and book series are Professor Minerva McGonagall who transforms into a cat and Sirius Black who transforms into a bear-sized black dog.

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  • Untrasformation – reversing a previous transfiguration.
  • Vanishment – the art of making something disappear or turning things into a non-being, as described in the books.
  • Conjuration – This is the opposite of vanishing. Conjuring means bringing things to life.

As you can see, the Transfiguration is a very complex series of spells that require a lot of study.


Spells are also known as enchantments. A spell is a type of spell that adds a property to an object or person. It changes what an object does. An example of a spell would be the levitation spell Wingardium Leviosa. A spell can be cast for the moment it’s needed, or it can be a permanent spell. An object that has a lasting charm is called an enchanted item.

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Spells are some of the most powerful spells. In order for a wizard or witch to cast a spell, they need concentration, very precise wand movements, and correct pronunciation of the spell. If the spell is badly cast, it can strike back at the wizard who cast it.

Within the “Spells” field, there are spells that can cause pain or discomfort to those struck by the enchantment. These types of spells are called “Dark Spells,” and the category consists of Curses, Curses, and Hexes.


A curse is a small type of dark magic and the least severe of the three dark spells. The effects of a curse irritate the person concerned. An example of a curse that is very useful during a duel is the Flipendo recoil curse.

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In order to cast a curse successfully, the wizard casting the spell must maintain eye contact with the target at all times.

Jinxes can be blocked or removed by a counter curse or curse, or prevented by an anti-curse spell. If the wizard is hit or affected by a curse, he usually has to go to a magical hospital or seek out a healer with experience in dark magic.


Like hex, a hex is a type of dark spell. It’s worse than a curse, however, but not as bad as a curse. A hex causes moderate suffering to its victim.

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In the Harry Potter books, Draco Malfoy and Harry duel when Draco casts the Densaugeo Summon, but he misses Harry. Instead, the hex meets Hermione Granger and Gregory Goyle. This hex will make your teeth elongate at an alarming rate and painfully.

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“It wasn’t a pretty sight. Hermione’s front teeth – already larger than average – were now growing at an alarming rate; She looked more and more like a beaver as they reached past her lower lip to her chin – panicked, she felt them and let out a horrified scream. ” – Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

Hexes can be defended with a hex diversion and fought with a hex breaker or a hex zapper.


A curse is the spice of the three dark charms. Curses can vary in intensity and shape, they are usually the most evil, strongest, longest lasting, and the least reversible of the dark stimuli. They are poured to inflict immense suffering on the victim.

There are a number of curses, but the most popular ones in the wizarding world are the unforgivable ones:

Avada carcass – Is the killing curse. If that curse is thrown at a living being, this unforgivable curse Causes immediate and painless death without violence or trace injury to the body.

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Crucio – Also known as the Torture Curse, the curse inflicts intense and excruciating pain on the victim.

Imperio – The Imperium Curse puts the victim completely under the control of the caster.

The unforgivable curses are widely used by Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters.

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Using an unforgivable curse on a human grants the wizard a one-way ticket for a life sentence in Azkaban. These three curses aren’t the only curses known from species of witches, but they are the only three that have no distraction or counter-curse. A witch or wizard can try to resist the Imperius Curse, but it is extremely difficult and basically impossible to do.

Related: “Harry Potter” Fan Theory: Hagrid was a Death Eater!

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Curses can be scary and you would assume only a dark wizard would use them, but that’s not true! For example, Hermione uses the Petrificus Totalus (the curse of the full body tie) on Neville Longbottom during Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone. She must petrify Neville as he tries to stop the Gryffindor trio from sneaking out of the common room of the house to prevent the wizarding stone from being stolen.

Even Harry Potter himself uses a very powerful curse on Draco Malfoy during Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, the curse that the Half-Blood Prince – Severus Snape – Sectumsempra created.

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The curse injures the target and causes severe bleeding. Though Harry cast the spell out of curiosity after reading about the spell in the Half-Blood Prince’s old book. So technically he didn’t want to cause Draco so much damage and pain.

According to a Pottermore article, the list of the worst curses is, in descending order:

  1. Create a Horcrux
  2. Cruciatus
  3. Cut Sempra
  4. Avada Kedavra
  5. Imperius
  6. Legilimens


Last but not least, counterspell! As the name suggests, it is a series of spells designed to inhibit, remove, or negate the effects of another spell.

The Counterspell category has four subcategories: Counterspell, Countercurses, Counterspell and Unconfigurations.

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Some of the most famous counterspells in the Harry Potter franchise are Finite Incantatem, a general counterspell that generally terminates spell effects. Nox is the counter-spell for Lumos, Alohomora, who counters Colloportus.

An example of a spell used in movies and books is when Snape tries to spell Professor Quirrell’s curse on Harry’s broom during his first Quidditch game at Hogwarts.

As you can see, spells are a complex thing to learn, but they are probably the most important part in the wizarding universe.

Did you know the things you learned during the Charms course at Hogwarts are so complicated? Which charm is your favorite and why? Let us know in the comments below.

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